It boggles the mind to look at the dirtiest of American cities like New York and calculate the relatively short period of time the baby country of the US has had to accumulate such formidable filth. Conversely, traveling through Europe offers a glimpse into eras long gone by, with so many structures still standing that have survived more centuries than America has even existed.
To dub or not to dub? Fans of international films argue this question frequently, with purists preferring subtitles over the dreaded dubbing that rarely matches the actors’ mouths and inevitably compromises the viewing experience. Still, even the purest of the purists know that subtitles are just too much reading for the overwhelming majority of moviegoers, so dubbing persists.
Esperanto may not exactly be “pretend,” as it is a real thing that we are about to discuss, but it is a planned, or constructed, language, not the native tongue of any group of people or region.
Archaeology is a very hopeful science. They study and dig, sometimes finding nothing at all, and then all of a sudden history-making finds can be unearthed quite by accident in an unplanned location. Such was the case in Bulgaria in 1972, when an excavator operator digging a trench for an electric cable in the western industrial part of the city of Varna discovered several gold objects, and what appeared to be pieces of ceramics, in the soil discarded by the machine.